DATETIME SELECT SELECT INTO DATE PAD STRING DYNAMIC SQL CURSOR MONEY FORMAT PERCENT STORED PROCEDURE SQL SERVER AGENT JOB OPTIMIZATION WHILE LOOP OVER PARTITION BY UPDATE
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How to pad a string with leading zeros?

Execute the following Microsoft SQL Server T-SQL example scripts in SSMS Query Editor to demonstrate SQL padding of numbers and strings with leading (LPAD) and trailing (RPAD) zeros as well as with other designated characters, and techniques for removing (trim) leading zeros. CAST & CONVERT function usage is shown as well.

-- SQL Server leading zero - T-SQL padding numbers - lpad tsql - sql pad zero

SELECT ListPrice,

  Padded=RIGHT('0000000000' + CONVERT(VARCHAR,ListPrice), 10)

FROM AdventureWorks2008.Production.Product WHERE ListPrice > 0.0;

------------

-- T SQL pad leading zeros - transact sql leading zeros

SELECT ProductID, ReorderPoint = REPLACE(STR(ReorderPoint, 6), SPACE(1), '0')

FROM AdventureWorks2008.Production.Product;

/* ProductID            ReorderPoint

      1                 000750

      2                 000750

      3                 000600  */

 ------------

-- SQL Server leading zero - SQL leading zeros - sql server pad leading zero

USE AdventureWorks2008;

DECLARE @Number int = 789;

SELECT RIGHT ('000000'+ CAST (@Number AS varchar), 6);

-- 000789

------------

USE AdventureWorks;

-- SQL padding salary pay rate money data type with leading zeroes

-- SQL left pad number - prefix number with zeros - sql server leading zero

-- SQL convert number to text - cast number to varchar string

SELECT EmployeeID,

       Rate,

       PaddedRate = RIGHT(REPLICATE('0',8) + CAST(Rate AS VARCHAR(8)),8)

FROM   HumanResources.EmployeePayHistory;
/* Partial results

EmployeeID        Rate              PaddedRate

1                 12.45             00012.45

2                 13.4615           00013.46

3                 43.2692           00043.27

*/

 

-- SQL zero padding ListPrice money data type - t sql leading zero

-- SQL left pad - T-SQL string concatenation - sql concat

-- SQL convert number to string - pad numeric with zeros

SELECT ProductID,

       ListPrice,

       PaddedListPrice = RIGHT(REPLICATE('0', 8) + CAST(ListPrice AS VARCHAR(8)),8)

FROM Production.Product

/* Results sample

ProductID               ListPrice               PaddedListPrice

965                     742.35                  00742.35

*/

 

-- SQL month leading zero - sql pad month number with zero

SELECT RIGHT('0' + convert(varchar(2), month(GetDate())), 2)

-- 06
----------

-- trim leading zeros - sql trim leading zeros - remove leading zeros sql

USE AdventureWorks2008;

DECLARE @num  varchar(32)= '00091234560'

SELECT      right(@num, len(@num)+1 - patindex('%[^0]%', @num))

-- 91234560

------------

-- REPLICATE large / huge string

DECLARE @hugestring nvarchar(max) = replicate(cast( N'X' as nvarchar(max)), 16000)

SELECT LEN(@hugestring), DATALENGTH(@hugestring)

-- 16000    32000

------------

 

-- SQL pad numeric data type - SQL pad digits - transact sql leading zeros

-- SQL pad with leading zeroes - append leading zeros - T-SQL top function

-- SQL pad with trailing zeroes - MSSQL append trailing zeros

-- SQL cast money to numeric - cast numeric to string - mssql newid function

SELECT TOP (5)

      ProductName = Name,

      ListPrice = RIGHT(REPLICATE('0', 10)

      + CAST(CAST(ListPrice AS NUMERIC(9,3)) AS VARCHAR) ,10)  

FROM AdventureWorks.Production.Product

ORDER BY NEWID()

/* ProductName                      ListPrice

LL Mountain Frame - Black, 40       000249.790

HL Touring Frame - Yellow, 46       001003.910

Bike Wash - Dissolver               000007.950

Metal Sheet 7                       000000.000

HL Road Frame - Red, 56             001431.500

*/

----------

 

-- PAD leading zeros function - sql server leading zeros - UDF

USE AdventureWorks2008;

GO

CREATE FUNCTION fnPadNumber

               (@n      DECIMAL(26,2),

                @length TINYINT)

RETURNS VARCHAR(32)

AS

  BEGIN

    RETURN ( replicate('0',@length - len(convert(VARCHAR(32),@n))) +

             convert(VARCHAR(32),@n))

  END

GO

 

SELECT dbo.fnPadNumber(1234567890.12,16)

-- 0001234567890.12
------------

-- T SQL computed column zero padding - sql generate alphanumeric sequence

USE tempdb; -- SQL Server 2008 T-SQL

CREATE TABLE Celebrity (

  ID           INT    IDENTITY ( 1 , 1 )    PRIMARY KEY,

  CelebrityID  AS 'CEL' + RIGHT('0000' + CAST( ID as varchar),5), -- computed column

  FirstName    VARCHAR(32),

  LastName     VARCHAR(32),

  ModifiedDate DATE    DEFAULT getdate())

GO

 

INSERT Celebrity

      (FirstName,

       LastName)

VALUES('Jennifer','Aniston'),

      ('Drew','Barrymore'),

      ('Diana','Princess of Wales'),

      ('Tom','Jones'),

      ('Lucille','Ball'),

      ('Frank','Sinatra'),

      ('Elvis','Presley')

 

SELECT * FROM   Celebrity

GO

-- CelebrityID is zero padded alphanumeric sequence

/* 

ID    CelebrityID       FirstName  LastName          ModifiedDate

1     CEL00001          Jennifer    Aniston          2012-07-04

2     CEL00002          Drew        Barrymore        2012-07-04

3     CEL00003          Diana       Princess of Wales 2012-07-04

4     CEL00004          Tom         Jones             2012-07-04

5     CEL00005          Lucille     Ball              2012-07-04

6     CEL00006          Frank       Sinatra          2012-07-04

7     CEL00007          Elvis       Presley          2012-07-04

*/

-- Cleanup demo

DROP TABLE Celebrity

GO
------------

-- SQL removing leading zeros when no spaces in string - trimming Leading Zeros

USE AdventureWorks2008;

DECLARE @NumberString varchar(16)='000000246'

SELECT REPLACE(LTRIM(REPLACE(@NumberString, '0', ' ')), ' ', '0')

-- 246

------------

-- SQL remove leading zeros - sql trim leading zeros - numeric test

DECLARE @StringWithLeadingZeros    VARCHAR(12) = '000000654321'

SELECT CAST(CAST(@StringWithLeadingZeros AS INT) AS VARCHAR(10))

WHERE ISNUMERIC (@StringWithLeadingZeros)=1

-- 654321

------------

-- LPAD & RPAD string scalar-valued user-defined functions (UDF)

USE AdventureWorks;

GO

-- Left pad string function

CREATE FUNCTION LPAD

               (@SourceString VARCHAR(MAX),

                @FinalLength  INT,

                @PadChar      CHAR(1))

RETURNS VARCHAR(MAX)

AS

  BEGIN

    RETURN

      (SELECT Replicate(@PadChar,@FinalLength - Len(@SourceString)) + @SourceString)

  END

GO

 

-- T-SQL Test left padding

SELECT LeftPaddedString = dbo.LPAD(Cast(84856 AS VARCHAR),12,'0')

GO

-- 000000084856

 

-- MSSQL right pad string function

CREATE FUNCTION RPAD

               (@SourceString VARCHAR(MAX),

                @FinalLength  INT,

                @PadChar      CHAR(1))

RETURNS VARCHAR(MAX)

AS

  BEGIN

    RETURN

      (SELECT @SourceString + Replicate(@PadChar,@FinalLength - Len(@SourceString)))

  END

GO

 

-- Test right padding

SELECT RightPaddedString = dbo.RPAD(Cast(84856 AS VARCHAR),12,'*')

GO

-- 84856*******

----------

 

-- Padding a money column with leading zeroes - sql convert leading zero

-- SQL convert money data type to string

SELECT PaddedUnitPrice = RIGHT(replicate('0',20) +

                         convert(varchar,UnitPrice,1), 20)

FROM Northwind.dbo.Products

/* Partial results

 

PaddedUnitPrice

00000000000000018.00

00000000000000019.00

00000000000000010.00

00000000000000022.00

*/

 

/**************** Zero padding other numeric data ****************/

 

-- SQL Server 2008 version featuring the LEFT function

-- SQL convert integer to text - convert integer to varchar

USE AdventureWorks2008;

DECLARE @InputNumber int = 522, @OutputLength tinyint = 12

DECLARE @PaddedString char(12)

SET @PaddedString = LEFT( replicate( '0', @OutputLength ),

    @OutputLength - len( @InputNumber ) ) + convert( varchar(12), @InputNumber)

SELECT PaddedNumber=@PaddedString

/* Result

 

PaddedNumber

000000000522

*/

 

 

-- SQL format currency and pad with leading spaces

-- SQL Server lpad to 9 characters

SELECT   TOP (3)  ProductName=Name,

                  Price=   CONVERT(char(9), ListPrice, 1)

FROM Production.Product

WHERE ListPrice > 0.0 ORDER BY Newid()

/*

ProductName                         Price

LL Touring Frame - Blue, 62           333.42

LL Road Seat Assembly                 133.34

Road-250 Red, 58                    2,443.35

*/

------------

-- Padding with zeroes in the middle of string

DECLARE @Number varchar(10)

SET @Number = '99999'

PRINT 'TRK' + REPLICATE('0', 12 - LEN(@Number)) + @Number

SELECT [Zero Padding]='TRK' + REPLICATE('0', 12 - LEN(@Number)) + @Number

-- Result: TRK000000099999

 

-- Applying the STUFF string function for zero padding

-- SQL convert integer data type to string

DECLARE @SerialNo int, @OutputSize tinyint

SET @OutputSize = 10

SET @SerialNo = 6543

SELECT PaddedSerialNo =  STUFF(replicate('0', @OutputSize),

    @OutputSize - len(@SerialNo)+1, len(@SerialNo), convert(varchar(9),@SerialNo))

-- Result: 0000006543

-- SQL pad integer with 0-s

-- SQL str function - numeric to character conversion

SELECT TOP 5

CAST(replace(str(ProductID,6),' ','0') AS char(6)) AS ProdID

FROM AdventureWorks.Production.Product

ORDER BY Name

/* Results

ProdID

000001

000879

000712

000003

000002

*/

 

-- SQL pad string with character - SQL create function - SQL user-defined function

CREATE FUNCTION dbo.fnLeftPadString (

      @Input VARCHAR(255),

      @PadChar CHAR(1),

      @LengthToPad TINYINT

      )

RETURNS VARCHAR(255) AS 

BEGIN

DECLARE @InputLen TINYINT

SET @InputLen = LEN(@Input)

RETURN

   CASE

      WHEN @InputLen < @LengthToPad

      THEN REPLICATE(@PadChar, @LengthToPad - @InputLen) + @Input

      ELSE @Input

   END -- CASE

END -- UDF

GO

 

-- SQL pad string – left padding - SQL left pad with asterisk

-- SQL check printing - SQL currency formatting

DECLARE @DollarAmount varchar(20)

SET @DollarAmount = '234.40'

SELECT PaddedString='$'+dbo.fnLeftPadString(@DollarAmount, '*', 10)

GO

-- Result: $****234.40

 

-- SQL currency formatting with asterisk-fill

DECLARE @Amount MONEY

SET @Amount = '3534.40'

SELECT CurrencyFormat = '$' + REPLACE(Convert(char(12),@Amount,1),' ','*')

-- $****3,534.40

SELECT      PaddedProductID =

                  dbo.fnLeftPadString (CONVERT(varchar, ProductID), '0', 6),

            ProductName=Name,

            ListPrice

FROM Production.Product

ORDER BY PaddedProductID

GO

 

/* Partial results

 

PaddedProductID         ProductName       ListPrice

000757                  Road-450 Red, 48  1457.99

000758                  Road-450 Red, 52  1457.99

000759                  Road-650 Red, 58  782.99

000760                  Road-650 Red, 60  782.99

000761                  Road-650 Red, 62  782.99

*/

----------

-- Generating tracking numbers

-- SQL pad zeroes

WITH cteSequence(SeqNo)

     AS (SELECT 1

         UNION ALL

         SELECT SeqNo + 1

         FROM   cteSequence

         WHERE  SeqNo < 1000000)

SELECT TOP 100 CAST(('TRK' + REPLICATE('0',

               7 - LEN(CAST(SeqNo AS VARCHAR(6)))) +

               CAST(SeqNo AS VARCHAR(6))) AS VARCHAR(10)) AS TrackingNo

FROM   cteSequence

OPTION (MAXRECURSION 0)

GO

/* Partial results

 

TrackingNo

TRK0000001

TRK0000002

TRK0000003

TRK0000004

TRK0000005

TRK0000006

TRK0000007

*/

----------

-- SQL server pad

-- SQL str function

-- SQL pad integer

-- SQL left pad

SELECT TOP (4) StaffName=LastName+', '+FirstName,

PaddedEmployeeID = REPLACE(STR(EmployeeID, 6, 0), ' ', '0')

FROM HumanResources.Employee e

INNER JOIN Person.Contact c

      ON e.ContactID = c.ContactID

ORDER BY NEWID()

/* Results

 

StaffName         PaddedEmployeeID

Dyck, Shelley     000214

Hines, Michael    000039

Ford, Jeffrey     000015

Caron, Rob        000168

*/

 

-- SQL asterisk padding

-- SQL pad with asterisk

-- SQL right pad

SELECT  TOP ( 2 * 2 )

              AddressID

            , City+REPLICATE('*', 20-len(City)) AS City

            , PostalCode

FROM AdventureWorks.Person.[Address]

WHERE LEN(City) <= 20

ORDER by NEWID()

GO

/*

AddressID   City                          PostalCode

13465       Imperial Beach******    91932

23217       Corvallis***********    97330

18548       Milwaukie***********    97222

24893       Goulburn************    2580

*/

------------

------------

-- SQL left pad any size string Alpha with any length string Beta

------------

-- SQL user-defined function - UDF - scalar-valued string function

-- T-SQL varchar(max)

USE AdventureWorks2008;

GO

CREATE FUNCTION fnMaxPad

               (@SourceString  VARCHAR(MAX),

                @PaddingString VARCHAR(MAX),

                @OutputLength  INT)

RETURNS VARCHAR(MAX)

AS

  BEGIN

    DECLARE  @WorkString VARCHAR(MAX) =

      ISNULL(REPLICATE(@PaddingString,@OutputLength - len(ISNULL(@SourceString,0))),

                            '') + @SourceString

    RETURN RIGHT(@WorkString, @OutputLength)

  END

GO

 

-- Execute UDF

SELECT TOP ( 5 ) [SQL Padding Demo] =

  dbo.fnMaxPad(CONVERT(VARCHAR,FLOOR(ListPrice)),'_/',21)

FROM     Production.Product

ORDER BY NEWID()

GO

/* Results

 

SQL Padding Demo

_/_/_/_/_/_/_/2443.00

/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/0.00

/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/147.00

/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/0.00

_/_/_/_/_/_/_/1003.00

*/

------------

-- SQL left pad unicode string Alpha with any length unicode string Beta

-- MSSQL pad international

-- SQL user-defined function - UDF - scalar-value function

-- T-SQL nvarchar(max)

USE AdventureWorks2008;

GO

CREATE FUNCTION fnMaxPadInternational

               (@SourceString  NVARCHAR(MAX),

                @PaddingString NVARCHAR(MAX),

                @OutputLength  INT)

RETURNS NVARCHAR(MAX)

AS

  BEGIN

    DECLARE  @WorkString NVARCHAR(MAX) =

      ISNULL(REPLICATE(@PaddingString,@OutputLength - len(ISNULL(@SourceString,0))),

                            '') + @SourceString

    

    RETURN RIGHT(@WorkString, @OutputLength)

  END

GO

 

-- Execute UDF

SELECT TOP ( 5 ) [SQL Padding Demo] =

dbo.fnMaxPadInternational(LEFT(Description,6),'_/',21)

FROM     Production.ProductDescription

ORDER BY NEWID()

GO

/* Results

 

SQL Padding Demo

/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/ล้อที่

/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/Roue d

/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/شوكة ط

/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/Each f

/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/Jeu de

*/

------------

Related articles:

SQL Server UDF to pad a string

SQL Server T-SQL LPAD & RPAD Functions (String Padding Equivalent to PadLeft & PadRight)

LPAD function?

REPLICATE (Transact-SQL)

 

Exam Prep 70-461
Exam 70-461
DATETIME SELECT SELECT INTO DATE PAD STRING DYNAMIC SQL CURSOR MONEY FORMAT PERCENT STORED PROCEDURE SQL SERVER AGENT JOB OPTIMIZATION WHILE LOOP OVER PARTITION BY UPDATE