DATETIME SELECT SELECT INTO DATE PAD STRING DYNAMIC SQL CURSOR MONEY FORMAT PERCENT STORED PROCEDURE SQL SERVER AGENT JOB OPTIMIZATION WHILE LOOP OVER PARTITION BY UPDATE
 
 
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How to tell the difference between empty and null strings?

Execute the following Microsoft SQL Server T-SQL scripts in SSMS Query Editor for demonstrating the differences between empty and null strings.

 

DECLARE @NullString varchar(32) = NULL

DECLARE @EmptyString varchar(32)= ''

 

-- EMPTY String

SELECT LEN(@EmptyString)

-- 0

SELECT DATALENGTH(@EmptyString)

-- 0

/********** TEST FOR EMPTY STRING *************/

SELECT 'Alpha' WHERE @EmptyString = ''

-- Alpha

SELECT 'Alpha' WHERE LEN(@EmptyString)=0

-- Alpha

 

/********** TEST FOR NOT NULL STRING *************/

SELECT 'Alpha' WHERE @EmptyString is not null

-- Alpha

 

-- NULL String

SELECT LEN(@NullString)

-- NULL

SELECT DATALENGTH(@NullString)

-- NULL

/********** TEST FOR EMPTY STRING *************/

SELECT 'Alpha' WHERE @NullString = ''

-- (0 row(s) affected)

SELECT 'Alpha' WHERE LEN(@NullString)=0

-- (0 row(s) affected)

 

/********** TEST FOR NOT NULL STRING *************/

SELECT 'Alpha' WHERE @NullString is null

-- Alpha

Exam Prep 70-461
SQL 2016 DESIGN & PROGRAMMING
 
 
 
DATETIME SELECT SELECT INTO DATE PAD STRING DYNAMIC SQL CURSOR MONEY FORMAT PERCENT STORED PROCEDURE SQL SERVER AGENT JOB OPTIMIZATION WHILE LOOP OVER PARTITION BY UPDATE